SAFE STREETS PHILLY - housing the homeless & keeping the peace

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We can combine compassion with common sense. Government must provide shelter and services to those in need, but government must also protect the public's health, safety, and welfare...


SPEAK UP & CHECK-OUT OUR City Council Comments

UPDATES: Oct 24, 2019 - We would like to thank Septa and the city for removing the bus benches along East Market Street between City Hall and the 12th Streets. It is unfortunate that the benches cannot be there for the convenience of Septa passengers, but they had been completely overtaken by panhandlers, loiterers, drug addicts, drug dealers, and the mentally ill - about 40 individuals on any given day.  We would also like to thank the city for securing the sidewalk area that surrounds City Hall, where recently the homeless and others had built shelters and occupied the area night and day, making parts of City Hall an encampment and dumping ground. However, this begs the question, if the city can clean up City Hall, why can’t they clean up other public spaces, and provide the long term facilities that some of these people need and deserve? 

Below is what Philadelphians and visitors see every day. It is a constitutional violation by the City of Philadelphia of the human rights of the mentally ill and disadvantaged, as well as a violation of local, state, and federal 'health, safety, and sanitation' laws.  (Thumbnail photos of downtown Philadelphia in July/Aug of 2019, mostly in Center City, Convention Center, East Market Street, Washington Square, Schuylkill River Park & Trail, Logan Circle, etc.).


We often hear people say, "Homelessness is not a crime", but for government not to provide for the basics in life for those in need, so that people don't wither and die on the streets, is a crime.  That said, living on the street without a permit, urinating and defecating in public, repeated or aggressive panhandling, inebriation from drugs or alcohol, excessive loitering, laying on the sidewalk, and other forms of disorderly or prohibited conduct, are also crimes. The criminal behavior by both government and residents must be addressed if we are to live in a civilized society.



1.     Enforce the 'no camping without a permit', and always have emergency shelter space available. Federal court decisions have stated that people can live on the street “IF” municipalities provide no shelter space, which makes sense (Martin v City of Boise -  Therefore, it is incumbent on governments to always have emergency shelter space available for the homeless. Non-profits cannot make this commitment. Whereas the city has thousands of vacant buildings, and surely some could be quickly converted. That said, every county in the country should also have available emergency shelters, including facilities for short term and long term mental health care and drug rehabilitation. To that end, the City of Philadelphia and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania should take steps to meet with their colleagues in other cities and states to agree to share this responsibility and build publicly funded facilities. 

2.     Amend Philadelphia Code, Title 10, to strengthen enforcement of “Prohibited Conduct”, by allowing the police to cite and remove violators immediately, if necessary. The police should take the homeless to a facility for assessment, shelter, and services, rather than to have the Homeless Outreach Team come out to the scene of the violation, where the homeless often reject offers of assistance and continue to violate Philadelphia laws. (see more info below) Complainants should be able to file charges at the scene of the crime, rather than be required to go to Detectives Central, which many businesspeople do not have the time or staff to do. In addition, chronic offenders should receive progressive sentencing, the more the offenses, the longer the sentence.  That said, we are big supporters of rehabilitation programs, job training, and drug treatment in prison.


3.     Enforce "Repeated Panhandling" under Title 10, and challenge the 9th Circuit Court's ruling that ruled panhandling is a form of "free speech", if necessary. Panhandlers are often drug addicts that provide the perfect environment for drug dealers to do business, and are a constant nuisance to many businesses and neighborhoods.

4.     Increase police patrols, particularly at night. The police are over-relying on the public to call 911.

5.     Request that state representatives in Harrisburg amend Pennsylvania Code, 5100.84 for involuntary commitments, so that those who need long-term or life-time mental health shelter and care can receive it. It is laws like this one that have resulted in the mentally ill living on the street or in prison. 

6.     Determine the identity of the homeless who are coming in for shelter and services. In some cases, the “homeless” have homes, assets, and relatives or caretakers who are looking for them, but because the sharing of information has become a voluntary process at government offices and nonprofit shelters, that information is not available.

7.     Ensure that the mentally ill, who qualify for SSD and other benefits, receive them, along with an assigned a case worker. Currently, the Office of Homeless Servicer and some non-profits offer to assist in getting SSD benefits for the mentally ill, but it is a voluntary process on the part of the mentally & physically ill.  See more info below

8.     Audit the Department of Homeless Services to ensure that their $100 million dollar budget is being effectively employed. There is a widespread and serious concern that many of the non-profits are enabling the homeless to live on the streets, rather than effectively getting them off of the streets.

9.     Prohibit commercial dumpsters, trash cans, and food waste containers that are accessible to the public, as they are magnets for health and safety issues. 

10. Provide public service announcements (PSAs) & education on the importance of laws regarding health, sanitation, & public conduct. 

11. Offer rehabilitation, drug treatment, and job training to those in need.  Life skills, crafts, and a wide variety of job training services are needed for those in need, facilities, or in prison, including primitive skills and crafts, from low tech to high (such as gardening, knitting, crochet, weaving, sewing, wood working, furniture repair, tool making, lamp construction and repairs, dog training, the building trades, computer programming and repair, etc.).  There are many in the city who would volunteer their time and talents to such a venture. In addition, we need to laws to protect our industries and jobs. The 'free market' has put our self-reliance and national self-defense into a 'free-fall'.


TITLE 9-4400.  RESPONSIBLE BUSINESS OPERATIONS$fn=default.htm$3.0$vid=amlegal:philadelphia_pa$anc=JD_Chapter9-4400

Under Title 9, businesses that allow prohibited conduct on the sidewalk or street, as defined under Title 10, can be forced to remediate the situation or be closed down. However, most businesses don't know about Title 9, and believe that they have no rights or responsibilities to forbid prohibited conduct on their sidewalk or street.

TITLE 10. REGULATION OF INDIVIDUAL CONDUCT AND ACTIVITY$fn=default.htm$3.0$vid=amlegal:philadelphia_pa$anc=JD_Chapter10-600

"Prohibited Conduct" under Title 10 (not the complete list):

WHAT YOU CAN DO:  Call - Email - Take Photos & Videos - Speak Up

CALL CALL CALL 911!  And keep calling. Your call matters. The police depend on the public to call. And it doesn't have to be just in your neighborhood. Call whenever you see those who are sleeping on the street and/or repeated panhandling, as well as drug addicts & mentally disabled who appear in need. By calling 911, the police must come out and a record is established that can be used by the Mayor and City Council in their decision-making process. Give the 911 operator the address or coordinates (ex: northeast corner of Walnut and 12th Streets), and a brief description. Do not get flustered if you cannot give a complete description, as it is not necessary. You do not have to remain at the scene.  If the issue is not resolved satisfactorily, the community police officers have said that you should then ask for the police 'supervisor'.  The police will also contact Homeless Outreach when necessary. Call your local police district captain if the problem persists -

PRESS CHARGES if you have someone who will not leave from in front of your store or home, which will require you to go to Central Detectives at 21st and Hamilton Streets (for Center City residents).  Keep in mind that the offender may be quickly released, however we are trying to extend the time in incarceration in order to deter prohibited conduct. Just keep pressing charges and contact your political representatives.

EMAIL Philadelphia Mayor Kinney:

EMAIL City Council group email:;;;;;;;;brian.o';;;;;; ;;  

EMAIL Police Commissioner:

EMAIL District Attorney:

COMMENT @ CITY COUNCIL MEETINGS: You'll get only 2 minutes, so write it out. (check out "City Council Comments"). City Council meetings are on Thursdays (except July & Aug) at City Hall, Room 400, 1400 JFK Blvd., At the beginning of the City Council meetings you must sign up to speak. Sign up under any legislation that is listed on the agenda under (BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS ON SECOND READING AND FINAL PASSAGE). The desk where you sign up is on the right-hand side of City Council facing the President’s desk. The person who handles the sign-ups is usually there around 10:40 am, although the meetings officially start at 10 am. 

Join our free Meetup, write letters, send emails, and publicly comment at City Council meetings. Also complain to local businesses who allow panhandlers, etc. in front of their establishments. We have also had a lot of success emailing the corporate CEOs of establishments in the downtown area, when local management is unresponsive. (We will publish corporate emails soon, stand by)

LAWYERS for the public should consider legally challenging the city's current failure to fully enforce health, safety, and sanitation laws by allowing on-street living, panhandling, disabling inebriation from drugs or alcohol, etc. and other violations of Title 10.

BUSINESS: For excessive loitering and other "prohibited conduct" business owners have a 'right and responsibility' to prohibit such conduct under Titles 9 &10 of Philadelphia Code (see below). To discourage prohibited conduct, business may do the following:


Many, if not most of those living on the street are mentally ill.  And many of those working to solve this problem are well-intentioned. However, the problem is getting worse, not better, and there are very fundamental reasons why.  Many of our 'mentally disabled' homeless population are refusing shelter and services, as well as not applying for Social Security Disability (SSD) and other benefits because it is a "voluntary process".  To expect someone to make such a decision, who is not in complete possession of their mental faculties, is nonsensical.  Worse yet, the governmental agencies and non-profits who are servicing this SSD-qualifiable population, and enabling them to stay on the streets, are costing taxpayers millions of dollars without getting this population the shelter and services that they qualify for.  In addition, the legal bar that has been set to qualify for involuntary commitment is unreasonably high. As things stand currently, seriously mentally disabled people are living on the streets of Philadelphia, clearly unable to take care of themselves, refusing shelter and services, including SSD, while the city is paying millions to non-profits to enable them to live on the streets, creating a chronic health, safety, and sanitation crisis.


In Philadelphia, as in other cities across this nation, people are living on the streets, sleeping in the parks, passed out on the sidewalks, panhandling in front of stores and restaurants, blocking transit stops, disrupting traffic, and otherwise behaving in a manner that is in violation of health, safety, and sanitation laws. According to published reports, although some people are homeless due to economic circumstances, the overwhelming majority of this group are drug addicts, alcoholics, and those with severe mental disabilities.

This is a crisis in Center City, Kensington, and other parts of Philadelphia and across the nation.

In Kensington there has been an alarming increase of Hepatitis A due to public exposure to human feces, among other causes. Historically, infectious diseases declined rapidly in the 1800 and 1900's due to improvements in sanitation and living conditions, well before the introduction of vaccines and toxic chemical disinfectants. Some cities are threatening homeless encampments with forced vaccinations and toxic sprays, which we believe would be unhealthy for all concerned. The homeless need housing and care, not shots and sprays.

Even seemingly small matters, such as panhandling, disorderly conduct, and non-passengers occupying bus stops, must be prohibited as it degrades living conditions in the affected neighborhoods.  Why is it important to enforce “quality of life” and “health, safety, and sanitation” laws?  If one person can violate the law, one hundred thousand can. And then we have epidemics and chaos. New York City and other cities in the U.S., learned that lesson in the 1990’s.  There’s a great book written on the New York experience, as well as other situations that led to amazing changes, both good and bad. It’s called the “Tipping Point, How Little Things Can Make A Big Difference”. 

Federal court decisions that resulted in the de-institutionalization of the severely mentally ill in the 1970's, have contributed substantially to the crisis (see below), including many recent "lower" federal court decisions asserting that panhandling is protected under free speech. These decisions should be challenged. Other federal court's have claimed that homeless encampments are protected under the Constitution, if the government has provided no shelter - which is why it is so important that cities provide emergency shelter for all of those in need.

According to the Office of Homeless Services (OHS), there are (usually) enough beds and services for these individuals in Philadelphia, but many have refused shelter, some claiming that the shelters are not safe and preferring to live on the streets. Unfortunately, the police and OHS, including Homeless Outreach & Project Home, are enabling these individuals to stay on the streets. The city is not committing the mentally ill for psychiatric & physical care, even when it is clear that these individuals are not able or willing to take care of themselves. See

Fundamentally, when it comes to this population, The Health Department, Streets Sanitation Department, OHS, L&I, and the police are not effectively enforcing the laws governing health, safety, and sanitation - which appears to be a substantive dereliction of duty. For those who point to federal court cases, who have exacerbated this situation, we believe that the city has the 'right and responsibility' to enforce safe, health, and sanitation laws, which cannot be overcome by claims of free-speech rights, or the alleged right to sleep anywhere one wants. If the city has to go to court to re-assert their civic rights and responsibilities, then we fully support that course of action. Otherwise, it is time for private attorneys to consider suing the city for failure to enforce health, safety, and sanitation laws.

We have spoken with many members of the business community, most of whom did not realize that they also have the 'right and responsibility' under Title 9-4400. Responsible Business Operations, to forbid "prohibited conduct" on their sidewalk and street (as defined in Title 10-600), which includes panhandling, laying on the sidewalk, etc.. The City needs to educate the business community about Titles 9 & 10. However, this also begs the question, "If the city police are not enforcing Title 10, how can the city expect businesses to comply with Title 9?"

Despite this apparent confusion, the public needs to speak up and contact Police District offices, the Mayor, and City Council members. In our experience, when the public complains long enough and loud enough, they get results. We have been meeting with Councilman Mark Squilla, representatives of the police (PPD), Streets Department, & Office of Homeless Services, as well as with local residents and businesses on these issues. To that end, we have experienced some success, but it will take a lot more effort from the public to improve life for all concerned.

We need your help.  Please join us at Safe-Streets-Philly Meetup

Lynn and Cliff Landes
Center City, Philadelphia

(As the parents of a mentally disabled adult, this issue is particularly meaningful for us, as we shudder to think that our son could end up on the streets due to the negligence of those in authority and the misplaced good intentions of others.)

PHILADELPHIA:  Problems with Office Of Homeless Services (OHS) In Philadelphia, it appears that The Office of Homeless Services (OHS) is in command of the over-all situation, including the public safety, health, and welfare.  We believe that OHS, a social service agency, is not the appropriate agency to maintain public safety and order.  Under OHS's watch, many severely mentally disabled persons are living on the streets, when they should be in a facility.  No clean-up of a homeless encampment can take place without OHS approval. Yet, they are not cleaning up encampments in a timely manner, unless the public complains loudly and often. When OHS does order a cleanup, as in the case of encampment at Ludlow Street (between 10th and 11th Streets, near the Market Street entrance for the Convention Center), the public waited for more than 6 weeks for the cleanup, and then the encampment was partially rebuilt in less than 24 hours.  To date, and despite public complaints, OHS has refused to remove and/or place into care the clearly mentally ill man who rebuilt his dwelling, nor clean up the mess, nor remove the new dwelling. (July 27, 2019) Update Aug 8 - Ludlow street has been cleaned-up again. Hopefully it will last this time. The mentally ill man moved to another location, so he continues to live on the street rather than get the care he deserves.



Also read:

PENNSYLVANIA CODE, § 5100.84. Persons who may be subject to involuntary emergency examination and treatment.

 (a)  Persons 14 through 17 years of age may be subject to involuntary emergency examination and treatment only in an approved mental health facility capable of providing a treatment program appropriate to the person. Persons 5 through 13 years of age may be subject to involuntary emergency examination and treatment only in an approved mental health facility capable of providing a treatment program appropriate to the child. Persons from birth through 4 years of age may be subject to involuntary emergency examination and treatment only in a mental health facility capable of providing a treatment program appropriate to the child. Should no such facility exist within the county of residence, the nearest appropriate facility shall be designated by the county administrator. Longer term involuntary treatment for the age groups listed in this section, must be conducted by agencies with age appropriate programs which are approved by the Department and designated by the county administrator when public monies are utilized for treatment.

(b)  Persons 18 years of age and older may be subject to involuntary emergency examination at an approved facility designated for such purpose by the administrator. Involuntary emergency treatment may be provided at the examining facility or any other designated and approved facility appropriate to the person’s needs. Travel arrangements between the examining facility and the treating facility shall be arranged as needed as soon as possible to permit transportation appropriate to the person’s needs.

 (c)  The determination of whether the standards of clear and present danger are met should always include a consideration of the person’s probable behavior if adequate treatment is not provided on either an emergency or subsequent basis.

 (d)  The standards of clear and present danger may be met when a person has made a threat of harm to self or others; has made a threat to commit suicide; or has made a threat to commit an act of mutilation and has committed acts in furtherance of any such threats.

 (e)  Examining physicans should consider the probability that the person would be unable without care, supervision, and the continued assistance of others, to satisfy his need for nourishment, personal or medical care, shelter or self-protection, and safety in accordance with section 301(b)(2)(i) of the act (50 P. S. §  7301(b)(2)(i)).

 (f)  When the petition for commitment filed under section 301(b)(2)(i) alleges that a person poses a clear and present danger to himself, clinical or other testimony may be considered which demonstrates that the person’s judgment and insight is so severely impaired that he or she is engaging in uncontrollable behavior which is so grossly irrational or grossly inappropriate to the situation that such behavior prevents him from satisfying his need for reasonable nourishment, personal care, medical care, shelter or self-protection and safety, and that serious physical debilitation, serious bodily injury or death may occur within 30 days unless adequate treatment is provided on an involuntary basis.

 (g)  An attempt under sections 301(b)(2)(ii) and (iii) of the act (50 P. S. §  7301(b)(2)(ii) and (iii)), occurs:

   (1)  When a person clearly articulates or demonstrates an intention to commit suicide or mutilate himself and has committed an overt action in furtherance of the intended action; or

   (2)  When the person has actually performed such acts.

Notes of Decisions

   Jury Instructions

   Although the court did not charge the jury on these regulations which specify that a suicide attempt consists of an intent to commit suicide and an overt act in furtherance of the intended action, there was no error because 50 P. S. §  7301 fully and accurately conveyed the applicable law. Mertz v. Temple University Hospital, 25 Pa. D & C 4th 541 (Pa.) (1995).


   The writing of suicide notes can be considered an overt act in furtherance of a suicide. Mertz v. Temple University Hospital, 25 Pa. D & C 4th 541 (Pa.) (1995).

   A psychiatrist who discharged a patient brought to a hospital’s psychiatric emergency room for involuntary commitment under the Mental Health Procedures Act (50 P. S. § §  7101—7503), was held liable to three minors injured when the patient blew up a row house while committing suicide. Mertz v. Temple University Hospital, 25 Pa. D & C 4th 541 (Pa.) (1995). 

TITLE 10-600.  PUBLIC PLACES – PROHIBITED CONDUCT(The police have their hands tied to a large extent by the District Attorney and enforcement measures in Title 10.) 


(7)   Enforcement.

      (a)   Except as set forth in § 10-611(7)(e), no law enforcement officer shall issue a notice of violation or take any coercive action against any person in violation of this Section, unless, prior to issuing such notice or taking such action, the officer or his or her designated representative: 135

         (.1)   With respect to violations of subsections (2)(g), (h), (l) or (m), relating to lying, sitting, obstructing, or leaving objects unattended, or (4)(b) or (c), relating to soliciting near a building entrance or bank, first issues an oral warning to the person or persons in violation, and then, if the person or persons refuse to comply five minutes after receiving an oral warning, issues a written warning to the person or persons in violation. The written warning shall be printed in English and Spanish.  If the person or persons refuse again to comply, the officer shall issue another violation and take appropriate coercive action. 

         (.2)   With respect to violations of subsections (2)(g), (h), (l) or (m), or (4), attempts to ascertain whether the person is in need of medical assistance or social service assistance, including but not limited to mental health treatment, drug or alcohol rehabilitation, or homeless assistance services; and, if the officer determines that the person may be in need of social service assistance, the officer contacts an Outreach Team, who, if available, shall come to the officer's location, evaluate the person's needs, and together with the officer take all reasonable steps toward directing the person to the appropriate service provider, including but not limited to offering transportation to such provider. If the officer's reasonable efforts to direct the person to needed social services are unsuccessful, the officer may issue a notice of violation or take appropriate coercive action, after the required notice is given, subject to compliance with subsections (.a), (.b) and (.c), below.

            (.a)   In attempting to ascertain whether social service assistance is needed, the officer or his or her designated representative shall:

               (i)  Whenever the officer has reason to believe the person may be in need of social service assistance, call upon an Outreach Team, if available, to evaluate the person's needs.

               (ii)  Shall not take any coercive action, including but not limited to compelling a person to reveal any confidential information concerning treatment or mental health status.

            (.b)   No law enforcement officer shall attempt to forcibly remove any person from the public sidewalk for violation of subsections (2)(g), (h), (l) or (m), or (4) without first contacting the Outreach Team (strike: “without the presence of an Outreach Team”), whenever the officer determines that the person may be in need of mental health or other social service assistance, and without first making all reasonable efforts to place the person voluntarily in an appropriate social service facility or treatment facility and the availability of an appropriate residential facility with appropriate treatment strategies for the client's needs.

            (.c)   If the law enforcement officer, in consultation with the Mental Health Officer, determines that the person, because of his or her mental health status or otherwise, presents a danger to himself or herself or to others, the law enforcement officer shall take such steps as are authorized under the Mental Health Procedures Act, Act of July 9, 1976, P.L. 817, as amended, including, if necessary, the initiation of involuntary commitment proceedings.

      (b)   The Police Department shall take all necessary and appropriate steps to insure that law enforcement officers who are likely to come into contact with persons in violation of subsections (2)(b), (g), (h), (l) or (m), or (4) shall receive all appropriate training in approaching, investigating and assisting persons in need of mental health treatment or other social service assistance.

      (c)   Violations of subsection (2)(a), relating to parking vehicles on the sidewalk, shall be enforced in accordance with the provisions set forth in Chapter 12-2800.

      (d)   For purposes of this Section, an Outreach Team shall mean a group of mental health or drug and alcohol counselors authorized and designated by the Department of Public Health to provide access to residential treatment for homeless persons with mental health diagnoses and/or drug and alcohol complications.

      (e)   The provisions of § 10-611(7)(a) shall not apply to disorderly conduct in violation of 18 Pa. C.S. § 5503. 137

   (8)   Penalties. A person found in violation of this Section shall be subject to penalty, as follows:

      (a)   For a violation of subsections (2)(a), relating to parking a motorized vehicle on the sidewalk; (2)(b), relating to gambling on the sidewalk; (2)(g), relating to lying on the sidewalk; (2)(d), relating to riding a scooter, roller skates or skateboard on the sidewalk; (2)(h), relating to sitting 138 on the sidewalk; (2)(l), relating to unreasonable obstructions on the sidewalk; and (2)(m), relating to unattended belongings on the sidewalk, a fine of twenty (20) dollars. 139

      (b)   For a violation of subsections (4)(a), (b) and (c), relating to aggressive solicitation, a fine of not more than one hundred (100) dollars.

      (c)   For a violation of subsections (2)(i), relating to the sale of goods or services, or solicitation of funds, on the highway; (2)(j), relating to displaying for sale objectionable material; (2)(n), relating to unrestrained animals on the sidewalk; (5)(b), relating to littering on the sidewalk; (6)(a), relating to owner/occupier of private property keeping the sidewalk clear of litter and obstructions; and (6)(c), relating to owner of take-out restaurants care of trash receptacles on the sidewalk, a minimum fine of one hundred (100) dollars and no more than three hundred (300) dollars.

      (d)   For a violation of subsections (2)(e), relating to loading or unloading a commercial vehicle on the sidewalk; (2)(f), relating to unlicensed sale of goods or services on the sidewalk; (2)(k), relating to unlicensed placement of any bench, planter, fixture or street furniture on the sidewalk; (5)(a), relating to honor boxes on the sidewalk without a permit; and (6)(b), relating to owner/occupier of private property keeping the sidewalk in good repair, a fine of not more than three hundred (300) dollars. 140

      (e)   For a violation of subsection (5)(c), relating to excessive noise on the sidewalk, fines as follows:

         (.1)   for the first violation, a fine of not less than twenty-five (25) dollars and not more than three hundred (300) dollars;

         (.2)   for the second violation, a fine of not less than one hundred (100) dollars and not more than three hundred (300) dollars; and

         (.3)   for the third and subsequent violations, fines of not less than three hundred (300) dollars.

      (f)   Each day a violation of this Section continues shall constitute a separate violation.

      (g)   In all cases, the court, in its discretion, may suspend the fine upon agreement by the offender to perform such community service or to participate in such social service assistance program or rehabilitation program as the City recommends and the court deems appropriate. No person shall be imprisoned for violating this Section or for failing to pay a fine for violating this Section.

      (h)   For a violation of subsection (2)(b), relating to gambling on the sidewalk, the penalty shall be that contained in Section 10-612141

      (i)   For a violation of subsection (2)(c), relating to bicycles on the sidewalk, the penalty shall be that contained in Section 12-808142

   (9)   Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Section, nothing in this Section shall apply in the Third Councilmanic District, except for the area bounded by the Schuylkill River on the East running West on Spring Garden street to Fortieth street, then South to Market street, then West to Fifty-second street, then South to Woodland avenue, then East to University avenue, then South to the Schuylkill River, which area shall be subject to all provisions of this Section, including, but not limited to, subsection 10-611(1)(a), relating to provisions applying citywide, and subsection 10-611(1)(b), relating to provisions applying in designated zones. 143

Contact: Lynn and Cliff Landes / / / Center City Philadelphia